Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Hearing and manipulating the sounds in language are important skills for learning to read. Phonemic awareness and letter knowledge have been identified in several research studies as the two key indicators of how well children will master beginning reading skills during the first two years in school. (The Threads of Reading by Karen Tankersly at ascd.org)

Understanding Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Both are about the ability to hear & manipulate the sounds in language…

  • Phonological Awareness – in words & syllables
    • Phonemic Awareness – at the phoneme (individual sounds within words) level

WATCH Phonemic Awareness video (4:27) from Red Apple Reading and a video demonstrating a phonemic awareness warmup. (16:03) Also see a helpful explanation of Phonological Awareness at Dyslexia Help and more at readingresource.net.

Phonological Interventions for Struggling Readers from Learning at the Primary Pond has this illustration of the progression of skills, and lots of ideas for activities for developing them.

Printable Charts:

Build a foundation of skills with increasing difficulty from bottom to top.

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness from The DailyPlanit at the Teachers Pay Teachers Super Tutor store (free)

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness Skills from Clever Classroom

Developmental Sequence from Make, Take, Teach

ACTIVITIES

Use CVC picture cards to rhyme, say the 1st, 2nd, or 3rd sound, or listen for the difference between two.

Sightwords.com has great resources for phonological and phonemic awareness. More activities for phonemic awareness at Reading Rockets. In phonological and phonemic awareness, the emphasis is on hearing sounds. The activities below can be helpful additions to a Phonics Kit.

Rhyming

crayonboxsort

Found these crayon boxes at Walmart!

Syllable Counting: clap or tap, or feel your mouth drop.

Compound Words

Syllable Manipulation: WordList (pdf) to blend, segment or delete syllables.

Identify initial sounds

Phoneme blending

Phoneme segmenting

Phoneme segmenting and manipulation

  • Word list for deleting and substituting from ontrackreading
  • Word Building and Substitution free from Super Tutor Tools at Teachers Pay Teachers. Start with a word, then change one sound at a time and identify the letter.

WordBuilding

PLAY Online games: Phonemic Awareness Symbaloo

Note that many online games require Flash and may not work well on some tablets and smartphones. It can be helpful to download the Firefox browser. Abcya is free on pc only.

Download a Chart with online games in the sequence to build phonological awareness skills.

Teach reading skills using hands-on, fun activities: memorable introductions to patterns with fun rhymes, 16 games,  24 worksheets, 11 word sorts and more. Learn more about the Phonics Toolkit and get your copy today!

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