Phonics Kit

This is a kit for tutoring reading with some great resources for learning phonics skills. Many of these are provided free for personal or classroom use by the websites in the links. Everything you need to make your own kit with lots of hands-on activities is here. When I haven’t been able to find a resource online, in some cases I have created my own. Links for these are found at the end of this post, and I plan to add more soon. This Phonics Kit is designed to be as portable and as inexpensive to create as possible. A magnet board and magnetic letters are a great addition for practicing words. Each post below includes videos, printable games, and online games to learn the concept as well.

Materials:

  • Plastic pronged folders with pockets. You can find these about anywhere for around .50 each.
  • Sheet protectors
  • Card stock for printing some of the activities
  • Plastic zip-lock bags from the hobby area, 2″x3″…these are great for holding the sort cards. I simply used a hole punch and added them onto the prongs of the folders.
  • Sterlite plastic file bin & hanging folders

The materials are designed to practice spotting different patterns. There are lots of sorts to do, games to play, and things to read. For the sorts, I used pockets made from Reese’s Pieces packages, and attached name tag holders. Here are some printable business cards for vowel sorts. Simply change the cards in the name tag holders, to use for another sort. It was such a sacrifice to eat all that candy, but anything for the cause of literacy! The 10.5 oz. packages fold flat for transporting, but stand up for the sorts. I taped a file cabinet graphic on the front of mine.

Follow the Sequence for teaching reading from First Grade Garden

Create a folder for each of the topics below:

Phonics Basics (resources for this below, they can go into a student folder as well as in front of the file box)

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Alphabet

Short Vowels

Word Families

Long Vowels – Silent e

Vowel Teams

Vowel Teams with (mostly) new sounds – Diphthongs

Bossy R

H Brothers – Digraphs

Syllables : Open & Closed |Consonant -le

English is Weird: Schwa & Sight Words

More Than One Sound – Consonants, Tricky Y, and Vowels

PHONICS BASICS

26 letters amaze and astound! They make 44 sounds when they move around!

A Chart of the 44 sounds on one page with pictures from uldforparents.com. (pdf)

Vowel patterns with pictures on one page from thisreadingmama.

Phonics Cue Card from maketaketeach

Short and Long Vowel Chart from First Grade Wow

ABCs to Color on one page from colorthealphabet, Letters to Color including pictures that start with the letter from sheknows

A simple one page alphabet from making words from Teacher Bits and Bobs

PHONICS RESOURCES FROM THE DAILY PLANIT

Free:

Bookmark Set Freebie – These bookmarks include Write the Pattern activities for: Bossy R, Digraphs, Long Vowel Patterns, Consonant -le Patterns, and F Patterns.

printable business cards for vowel sorts

At Teachers Pay Teachers:

Digraph Word Sort and story

Tricky Y Sort and story

For even more resources, check out my reading board on Pinterest.

 

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Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Hearing and manipulating the sounds in language are important skills for learning to read. Phonemic awareness and letter knowledge have been identified in several research studies as the two key indicators of how well children will master beginning reading skills during the first two years in school. (The Threads of Reading by Karen Tankersly at ascd.org)

Understanding Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Both are about the ability to hear & manipulate the sounds in language…

  • Phonological Awareness – in words & syllables
  • Phonemic Awareness – at the phoneme (individual sounds within words) level

A helpful explanation of Phonological Awareness is at Dyslexia Help.

Phonological Interventions for Struggling Readers from Learning at the Primary Pond has this illustration of the progression of skills, and lots of ideas for activities for developing them.

Printable Charts:

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness Skills from Clever Classroom

Developmental Sequence from Make, Take, Teach

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness from The DailyPlanit at the Teachers Pay Teachers Super Tutor store (free)

ACTIVITIES

The following activities are great resources to add to a Phonics Kit.

Rhyming

Syllable Counting: clap or tap, or feel your mouth drop.

Identify initial sounds

Phoneme blending

  • Word Slider Cards from deceptivelyeducational. (put these in an envelope w/end cut off or a pencil box & slide out one sound at a time)

Phoneme segmenting

PLAY Online games: at Readingresource.netWords that Rhyme at Roy the Zebra

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Syllables

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

Syllables are simple, one for every vowel sound, so there are lots of syllables around. You can clap or tap, or feel your mouth drop! Hearing syllables is a part of phonemic awareness that can be practiced with a syllable sort mat and animal flashcards.

Open and Closed Syllables

WATCH:

When a vowel is followed by a consonant, it is closed in. It often makes a short sound, as in pin. (it stops short)

A vowel is open with no consonant behind. Open syllables are often long, you will find. (it can go long)

WATCH Syllables (5:07) from Scratch Garden

PLAY Online Games: word jumbler game at bbc.co.uk. syllable games at learninggamesforkids.com. syllable factory game at skillswise

Syllable DivisionOpen & Closed Vowels in Multi-syllable Words

After learning about how to divide syllables, notice that two syllable words with one middle consonant can split at the end of the first vowel. This leaves the first syllable open, which often has the long vowel sound. Examples: pa|per, be|gin, ti|ger, ro|bot, mu|sic.

Syllable Types

Bookmarks and posters from ThisReadingMama

Poster from MakeTakeTeach:

7 syllables blog pic

Poster from maketaketeach

We’ve learned about: Silent e, Bossy R, Vowel Teams, Diphthongs, and Open & Closed Syllables. Learning the different syllable types helps makes sense of the different vowel sounds in the English language. The final syllable type to learn about is Consonant -le.

Consonant -le is an unaccented final syllable that contains a consonant and -le. The e at the end is silent, and creates a new sound: “ul”

A Consonant -le Bookmark to practice writing the pattern is in this Bookmark Set Freebie.

PLAY Consonant -le Go Fish from Hattie Knox

At Teachers Pay Teachers: Turtle Trouble Game & Nice Dice practice for the Consonant -le pattern.

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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H Brothers – Digraphs

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

H Brothers (digraphs)

Digraphs are a pair of letters representing one sound. The consonant digraphs are CH, SH, TH, WH + NG.

Note that PH & GH sometimes make the F sound, and an I before gh makes a long I sound as in the word light.

WATCH Digraph Song (1:43) CH/SH (6:04) +ng (start @1:28)

Screen Shot 2014-03-29 at 11.57.35 PM

H Brothers Poster from thewisenest

NG as in Sing

Elvis Presley was known as the King of Rock & Roll. He liked to wear rings when he sang. His longest song was “Suspicious Minds” (7:14) On Nov. 1, 1969, it reached number one on Billboard’s Hot 100.

Digraph Picture Sort from Thisreadingmama
Write the Pattern – see the Bookmark Set Freebie
READ the Pattern – Digraph Sentences from stickyball.net
READ Books: by author Brian Cleary: “Whose Shoes Would You Choose?” “The Thing on the Wing Can Sing” “Spring in the Kingdom of Ying”SORT NG from Science Is For Kids
PLAY Match Sets Game with word cards
PLAY Online Games: Beginning ending digraphs sadlier-oxford. Digraphs at softschools.com.  Forest Phonics also has some digraphs. Mr Nussbaum Two Letters has both digraphs & blends.

Digraph Word Sort and story at Teachers Pay Teachers

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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Bossy R

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

Bossy R – ER, IR, UR, AR, OR

An R behind any vowel changes the sound. ER, IR, and UR all have the same sound.

Note that Silent e wins sometimes: words with -are can say long a, Examples: care, share, flare. -ire can say long i, Examples: fire, tire, wire.

But notice that OR wins: adore, bore, shore, snore & UR wins: nature, picture, treasure.

An e before ar can have many different sounds: long e (hear), “er”(learn), “air” (pear), & “ar” (heart)

WATCH Bossy R (1:50)

Sort Mat: Bossy R Handout from mes-english.com

Bossy R Sort from schoolisahappyplace

BossyRPoster

I added a door to mine

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bossy R Poster and activities from carlscorner

Bossy R Posters from themoffattgirls.com

Bossy R picture cards from eslphonicsworld.com (4/page)

Bossy R picture cards from bogglesworld.com (4/page)

Thisreadingmama activities

READ Bossy R sentences from stickyball.net and r-controlled vowels Fluency Passages from razzledazzleclassroom

READ Book: “Bert’s Super Circus” by Lisa Charlesworth (Scholastic Phonics Tales)

PLAY Printable Go Fish game from themeasuredmom (6 pages, 9 per page, color)

PLAY Online Games: R controlled words at Starfall, R control race at Mr Nussbaum, and a Game from PBS

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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Diphthongs – Vowel Teams that (usually) make new sounds

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

Vowel Teams that (usually) make new sounds (diphthongs) AU/AW, OO/OO, OU/OW, OI/OY

These vowel combinations are (mostly) not short or long, but make completely different vowel sounds.

Note that AU/AW is a diphthong that makes a Short O sound, and that OW can also make a Long O sound in some words (cow, blow).

WATCH OU/OW (3:51) OI/OY Turtle Diary (4:06 ) OI/OY Kizphonics (  OO OO/OO Kizphonics (2:32) & Practice (2:04)

Diphthong Chart from boostforreaders

Diphthongs from flyingintolearning (OI/OY & OU/OW)

SORT OI/OY picture sort at classroomfreebies, OO/OO word sort from themeasuredmom, AU/AW word sort from School is a Happy Place

PLAY Online Games: other vowels at galacticphonics.com

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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Vowel Teams

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

Vowel Teams (with the exception of diphthongs, which usually make new sounds) are often long, making the sound of the 1st vowel & the 2nd vowel is silent. This guideline is sometimes not reliable, however. There can be many exceptions. EA often makes the long E sound, but sometimes a short E sound (eat, bread). IE often makes the long I sound, but sometimes a long E sound (pie, thief).

WATCH Patterns (4:13) OA from Kizphonics (1:22) + exceptions: AU/AW (3:53)

Long Vowel Pattern Chart from This Reading Mama, & Long Vowel Pattern Chart from All About Learning Press (1 page, color)

SORTS Use the words & pictures from Long Vowel Match-up from Liz’s Early Learning Spot,  AI/AY picture sort & OA/OW picture sort from 1st Grade & Fabulous (B&W), AI/AY words & picturesOA/OW color pictures from the measured mom

ACTIVITY Vowel Team Clip Cards from Fairy Poppins (includes diphthongs)

PLAY Printable Change game from Adrian Bruce (OA/OW & IE/IGH), Long A Train game & Long E Get the Sheep to the Jeep game from themeasuredmom. Long O Oh no! Toad! game from Fun in 1st with Ms B.

PLAY Online Games: Diphthongs at softschools.com and the Coconut Vowels game at arcademics. BBC games (in Explorer) and Forest Phonics from ictgames.

Bookmark Set Freebie – These bookmarks include Write the Pattern activities for: Bossy R, Digraphs, Long Vowel Patterns, Consonant -le Patterns, and F Patterns.

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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Silent e

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

A letter e at the end of a word is silent and makes the vowel long. A vowel that is long says it’s name. Together or apart, Silent e works just the same.

SilentE3

 

Note that two Es often like to stick together, and an A & E are rarely (if ever!) seen together. Note that Defender D can stop silent e from making the vowel long. (badge)

a cute ape in a tree likes his home

WATCH Magic e (2:13) Silent e (2:44)

Silent E contrast w/CVC from teacherstakeout

Sort Mat – Silent E Handout from mes-english.com

Long Vowel Words & Pictures from 123 Homeschool 4 Me

Short A/Long A, I, and O from thisreadingmama (color)

READ Long A sentences (plus all long vowels) from stickyball.net

READ BOOKS: “Nice Mice in the Rice” by Brian P Cleary “Here Comes Silent e!” by Anna Hays

PLAY online games Silent E game at starfall.com, at education.com, and from softschools.com

There are more ways that vowels can be long.

Write the pattern Bookmark Set Freebie.

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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