Phonics Kit

This is a kit for tutoring reading with some great resources for learning phonics skills. Many of these are provided free for personal or classroom use by the websites in the links. Everything you need to make your own kit with lots of hands-on activities is here. When I haven’t been able to find a resource online, in some cases I have created my own. Links for these are found at the end of this post. This Phonics Kit is designed to be as portable and as inexpensive to create as possible. A magnet board and magnetic letters are a great addition for practicing words.

You may also want to check out 10 Steps to Reading, which includes links to my favorite free online resources for learning phonics. There is a downloadable pdf version.

Each post below includes videos, printable games, and online games to learn the concept as well. Many online games require Flash and may not work well on some tablets and smartphones. It can be helpful to download the Puffin browser. They are collected in one place here at Symbaloo.


  • Plastic pronged folders with pockets. You can find these about anywhere for around .50 each.
  • Sheet protectors
  • Card stock for printing some of the activities
  • Plastic zip-lock bags from the hobby area, 2″x3″…these are great for holding the sort cards. I simply used a hole punch and added them onto the prongs of the folders.
  • Sterlite plastic file bin & hanging folders

The materials are designed to practice spotting different patterns. There are lots of sorts to do, games to play, and things to read. For the sorts, you can use containers like Athenos feta cheese or these hardware containers. Add frog eyes from tes, and use name tag holders as pockets to simply change the printable business cards for sorts  for the sort you are working on.

ScrewContainer1 screwcontainer2

For a portable kit, pockets can be made from 10.5 oz candy packages, which fold flat for transporting, but stand up for sorts. I taped a file cabinet graphic on the front of mine and attached name tag holders. It was such a sacrifice to eat all that candy, but anything for the cause of literacy!

Follow the Sequence for teaching reading from First Grade Garden

Create a folder for each of the topics below:

Phonics Basics (Find the resources for this below. They can go into a student folder as well as in front of the file box)

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness


Short Vowels

Word Families

Long Vowels – Silent e

Vowel Teams

Vowel Teams with (mostly) new sounds – Diphthongs

Bossy R

H Brothers – Digraphs

Syllables : Open & Closed | Consonant -le

English is Weird: Schwa & Sight Words

Letters With More Than One Sound – Consonants, Tricky Y, and Vowels


26 letters amaze and astound! They make 44 sounds when they move around!

A Chart of the 44 sounds on one page with pictures from (pdf)

Vowel patterns with pictures on one page from thisreadingmama.

Phonics Cue Card from maketaketeach

Short and Long Vowel Chart from First Grade Wow

A simple one page alphabet from making words from Teacher Bits and Bobs



The Super Tutor Tools Store at Teachers Pay Teachers has many resources I’ve created for tutoring reading. Most have a small charge, but there are a few freebies there too.

For even more resources, check out:

Reading board at Pinterest

Youtube Reading playlist

Symbaloo of Free Online Games for phonics skills, plus more from Galactic Phonics. The Puffin browser can be helpful for games that use Flash.

Symbaloo of websites to practice reading online

Links at Fun Online Games to Practice Reading Skills

This Phonics Kit will equip you with the tools you need to practice reading skills.


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Letters With More Than One Sound

When the same letters make more than one sound, you really know that English is Weird.


The letters C and G can make hard or soft sounds.

C is hard before A, O & U. With the others, a soft C will do.


G is often hard before A, O & U. With the others, a soft G will often do.


(But this is not always true, which you know if you get a gift given to you!)

When the K sound is heard at the beginning of a word:

K takes i & e, C takes the other three.


When the K sound is heard at the end of a word:

A CK is often needed after a vowel that is short. The K needs help to make it work.


With a consonant between it is a new task, it takes just a k so remember to ask. Drink milk, dunk a basket, or honk at an elk: the consonant means there is only a k.

Don’t panic, but there’s one more thing to see. Some two syllable words with a short I only need c. (like a picnic in the attic, it’s a little like magic.)

The rest of the time, a k is just fine. For words with bossy r, and vowel teams that are long or diphthongs, a k on it’s own will park. (The beak of a hawk, a look at a book, a weak croak from a throat, a stork with a fork, a dog that will bark.)

A set of anchor charts, and worksheets and word sorts for the /k/ sound at the beginning and end of words is available at TeachersPayTeachers. Learn more about spelling the K sound from thisreadingmama, and WATCH ck at Kids vs Phonics.

The letter S can also make more than one sound. S can say snake, probably everyone knows. It can also say /z/ when a nose smells a rose.


We have met OO/OO, one of the diphthongs. Which might be short, or could be long. More vowels that can vary are OW, EA, IE. The letter Y can be Tricky indeed with the sounds it can make, up to three.


Y at the end of a one syllable word, often says a long “I” as in fly.


R controlled vowels may be trickiest of all…but I forgot to mention that A can say short O like in watch or in ball. The Sounds of A Worksheet/Word Sort is available at TeachersPayTeachers.


AR can sound like ER, as in pillar or dollar. So can OR, when you start your motor. When there is an E before AR all bets are off. It might be ER when you learn, or maybe a long e that you hear. It can even be a polar bear on a chair.

Last, but not least of all, is the amazing schwa. Any vowel can make this lazy “uh” sound, so watch out for schwas all around!


These guidelines may help you to figure out the many sounds you will discover all about.


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10 Steps to Reading

Explore 10 ways you can develop reading skills. Download the 10 Steps to Reading printable pdf with these tips which include my favorite free online resources.Reading101

10 Steps to Reading

1. Learn letters & sounds, and practice hearing and manipulating sounds – Phonemic awareness

2. Create a phonics kitBegin with short vowels and CVC words (Consonant-Vowel-Consonant), continue with consonant blends

3. Learn phonics patterns in sequence as the student is ready. The sequence in different programs can vary, but generally: Silent e, Bossy r, Vowel Teams, Diphthongs, and Digraphs.

4. Practice patterns with picture and word sorts

5. Play games that encourage literacy. Hands on games include traditional games like Boggle and Bananagrams, as well as many free printable games that can be found through the phonics kit post. There are also many free online games at SymbalooUse the Puffin browser for Flash games on mobile devices.

6. Read books to practice the patterns. The books from Progressive Phonics are free, fun, and practice the phonics patterns. They can be printed or read online. Choose fun books at the right level.

7. Learn sight wordsThese high frequency words often are not decodable with phonics guidelines.

8. Encourage reading 20 minutes a day. Children who do this from Kindergarten through 6th grade score 90% better than their peers on tests. Check out more Benefits of reading.

9. Use your library. Attend storytimes, participate in summer reading programs, check out books & online resources.

10. Read “Phonics from A to Z” by Wiley Blevins

Learn more at Reading Basics from They have a Get Ready to Read screening tool too.

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Learning the Alphabet

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. See the full post for more resources! The main focus of this section is on the consonants.

One page Alphabet to color from

Letters to Color including pictures that start with the letter from sheknows

WATCH Vowels & Consonants from Nessy (1:33), What do the letters say? (3:34), All letters from LogicofEnglish (1:42), Alphabet from Kids vs Phonics (29:02)

Alphabet chart from alphabetimals

Animal alphabet on one page and flashcards (7 pages, 4/page) from kindergartenmom (the flashcards can also be used for a syllable sort)

Alphabet Worksheet letter tracing

B & D reversals from, practice with Online Fishing Bowl Game from literactive

Chart of voiced or unvoiced letter sounds from Handy Handouts

PLAY Printables: Alphabet Chutes and Ladders: lowercase & uppercase from Super Simple, Animal Alphabet from, Mailbox ABC from Totschooling (6 pages, color), Fishing for Letters from Kindergarten Crayons (7 pages, color), Sammy the Starfish from Fuelthebrain.

Please note that Flash may not work well on some tablets and smartphones. It can be helpful to download the Puffin browser.

PRACTICE with Online Flash Alphabet from earlylearningactivities.

PLAY Online Games: Alphabet Games at, Fisher-Price Alphabet Zoo,  Alphabet antics at learnenglishkids, Alphabet games at LearningGamesForKids. Free on pc: Alphabet games at Turtle Diary & at abcya.

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Hearing and manipulating the sounds in language are important skills for learning to read. Phonemic awareness and letter knowledge have been identified in several research studies as the two key indicators of how well children will master beginning reading skills during the first two years in school. (The Threads of Reading by Karen Tankersly at

Understanding Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Both are about the ability to hear & manipulate the sounds in language…

  • Phonological Awareness – in words & syllables
  • Phonemic Awareness – at the phoneme (individual sounds within words) level

A helpful explanation of Phonological Awareness is at Dyslexia Help.

Phonological Interventions for Struggling Readers from Learning at the Primary Pond has this illustration of the progression of skills, and lots of ideas for activities for developing them.

Phonological Awareness at LearningCommotion has more ideas and a helpful graphic.

Printable Charts:

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness Skills from Clever Classroom

Developmental Sequence from Make, Take, Teach

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness from The DailyPlanit at the Teachers Pay Teachers Super Tutor store (free)


The following activities are great resources to add to a Phonics Kit.


Syllable Counting: clap or tap, or feel your mouth drop.

Identify initial sounds

Phoneme blending

  • Word Slider Cards from deceptivelyeducational. (put these in an envelope w/end cut off or a pencil box & slide out one sound at a time)

Phoneme segmenting

PLAY Online games: at Readingresource.netWords that Rhyme at Roy the Zebra,  initial sounds at funfonix (click on Game, then Collect the Stars)

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This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

Syllables are simple, one for every vowel sound, so there are lots of syllables around. You can clap or tap, or feel your mouth drop! Hearing syllables is a part of phonemic awareness that can be practiced with a syllable sort mat and animal flashcards.

Open and Closed Syllables


When a vowel is followed by a consonant, it is closed in. It often makes a short sound, as in pin. (it stops short)

A vowel is open with no consonant behind. Open syllables are often long, you will find. (it can go long)

WATCH Syllables (5:07) from Scratch Garden

PLAY Online Games: word jumbler game at syllable games at syllable factory game at skillswise

Syllable DivisionOpen & Closed Vowels in Multi-syllable Words

After learning about how to divide syllables, notice that two syllable words with one middle consonant can split at the end of the first vowel. This leaves the first syllable open, which often has the long vowel sound. Examples: pa|per, be|gin, ti|ger, ro|bot, mu|sic.

Syllable Types

Bookmarks and posters from ThisReadingMama

Poster from MakeTakeTeach:

7 syllables blog pic

Poster from maketaketeach

We’ve learned about: Silent e, Bossy R, Vowel Teams, Diphthongs, and Open & Closed Syllables. Learning the different syllable types helps makes sense of the different vowel sounds in the English language. The final syllable type to learn about is Consonant -le.

Consonant -le is an unaccented final syllable that contains a consonant and -le. The e at the end is silent, and creates a new sound: “ul”

A Consonant -le Bookmark to practice writing the pattern is in this Bookmark Set Freebie.

WATCH Kids vs Phonics le (1:58), Consonant -le plus review of all syllable types (2:46)

PLAY Printable Consonant -le Go Fish from Hattie Knox

At Teachers Pay Teachers: Turtle Trouble Game & Nice Dice practice for the Consonant -le pattern.

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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H Brothers – Digraphs

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

H Brothers (digraphs)

Digraphs are a pair of letters representing one sound. The consonant digraphs are CH, SH, TH, WH + NG.

Note that PH can make the F sound – Kids vs Phonics Video (2:47) & Jack Hartmann Video (2:16), and GH also can. An I before gh makes a long I sound as in the word light Kids vs Phonics Video (1:23).

WATCH Jack Hartmann Digraph Song (3:58), Digraphs at Let’s Start Smart, Kids vs Phonics: CH (1:38) SH (1:28) TH (1:53) TH-Hard (1:42) WH (1:34) & NG (2:02), Hooked on Phonics: CH/SH (6:04), and Simply Phonics (digraphs start @1:28)

Screen Shot 2014-03-29 at 11.57.35 PM

H Brothers Poster from thewisenest

NG as in Sing

Elvis Presley was known as the King of Rock & Roll. He liked to wear rings when he sang. His longest song was “Suspicious Minds” (7:14) On Nov. 1, 1969, it reached number one on Billboard’s Hot 100.

Digraph Picture Sort from Thisreadingmama, SORT for NG from Science Is For Kids
Write the Pattern – see the Bookmark Set Freebie
READ the Pattern – Digraph Sentences from
READ Books: by author Brian Cleary: “Whose Shoes Would You Choose?” “The Thing on the Wing Can Sing” “Spring in the Kingdom of Ying”
PLAY Match Sets Game with word cards
PLAY Online Games: Beginning ending digraphs sadlier-oxford. Digraphs at  Forest Phonics also has some digraphs. Mr Nussbaum Two Letters has both digraphs & blends.

Digraph Word Sort and story at Teachers Pay Teachers

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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Bossy R

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

Bossy R – ER, IR, UR, AR, OR

An R behind any vowel changes the sound. ER, IR, and UR all have the same sound.

Note that Silent e wins sometimes: words with -are can say long a, Examples: care, share, flare. -ire can say long i, Examples: fire, tire, wire.

But notice that OR wins: adore, bore, shore, snore & UR wins: nature, picture, treasure.

An e before ar can have many different sounds: long e (hear), “er”(learn), “air” (pear), & “ar” (heart)

WATCH Bossy R (1:50) Kids vs Phonics: ER (1:53), AR (1:56) , OR (1:31), ER, IR, UR from Nessy (1:12), ER, IR, UR song (1:15)

Sort Mat: Bossy R Handout from

Bossy R Sort from schoolisahappyplace


I added a door to mine







Bossy R Poster and activities from carlscorner

Bossy R Posters from

Bossy R picture cards from (4/page)

Bossy R picture cards from (4/page)

Thisreadingmama activities

READ Bossy R sentences from and r-controlled vowels Fluency Passages from razzledazzleclassroom

READ Book: “Bert’s Super Circus” by Lisa Charlesworth (Scholastic Phonics Tales)

PLAY Printable Go Fish game from themeasuredmom (6 pages, 9 per page, color)

PLAY Online Games: R controlled words at Starfall, R control race at Mr Nussbaum, and a Game from PBS

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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