English is weird, oh yes, it is! There are vowels that can be spelled in lots of different ways, consonants that can have different sounds, and lots of exceptions. The rules are more like guidelines that give us a clue.
Charts from Boostforreaders.com
Short/Long Chart: First Grade Wow
Bossy R: carlscorner.us.com
Defender D & FLOSS Rule: maketaketeach.com (exceptions to FLOSS rule: gas, bus, yes)
Strategies for Reading
Be Aware of Schwa
Schwa is a light “uh” sound that can be made by any vowel. It is the most common sound in the English language.
WATCH Schwa (2:12)
PLAY Online Quiz: purposegames
Note: read about short U & the schwa sound at the ChallengeoflearningUSEnglish
Phonics guidelines can often be helpful, but there are some words that are not easily decodable.
Sight words are frequently found in written text, and many are not decodable with phonics guidelines. When these words are learned, a large percentage of written text can be read. E.W. Dolch identified 220 words and 95 nouns. In 1996, Dr. Fry expanded on the Dolch list and published “Fry 1000 Instant Words.” In his research, Dr. Fry found that:
• 25 words make up approximately 1/3 of all published text
• 100 words make up approximately ½
• 300 words are 65%
• The full list of 1000 words makes up 90% of all published text
PRACTICE Fry Sight Words (with audio) at Quizlet.com.
FRY SIGHT WORDS
- Fry Sight Word lists from K12reader
- Fry Sight Word lists from Utah Education Network (create printable lists with printfriendly.com)
- Printable bookmarks for the 1st 300 sight words, with a progress bookmark included. Free at the Super Tutor Tools store at Teachers Pay Teachers.
DOLCH SIGHT WORDS
- Dolch Sight Word lists & punch cards from First Grade Parade
- Dolch Sight Word lists from K5stars
- Dolch Portable Word Wall from First Grade is a Hoot
- 1st 75 Dolch Words to print on address labels from Make, Take, Teach
- Printable Sight Word flashcards from sightwords.com
- Illustrated Sight Word cards from Research Parent
Super Tutor Tools store at Teachers Pay Teachers:
The Roll a Color Sight Word Game pictured below uses the first 100 Fry words, or use any sight word flashcards and mark them with the colors.
PLAY more printable games: Sight Word Last Card from sightwords.com, Battling for Sight Word Treasures from Liz’s Early Learning Spot, Gone Fishing editable Sight Words from thisreadingmama, Sight Word Scrabble from craftnectar. (The last two may not fit easily in the portable Phonics Kit, but look fun!) Find more fun games at the ABCs of Games for Reading.
Please note that many online games require Flash and may not work well on some tablets and smartphones. It may help to download Mozilla Firefox.
PLAY Online games: Sight Words Audible (practice with audio!) and Word Birds & Wordquake at mrnussbaum. Sight Word Smash at roomrecess.com. Popcorn words at fun4thbrain. Dolch Sight Word Bingo at abcya.com (free on pc only), Sight Words Pop at Education.com (more Online Games with sign-up) and dolchword.net. Spelling City has online games for both Dolch & Fry sight words.
This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full Phonics Kit post for more resources! Teach reading skills using hands-on, fun activities: memorable introductions to patterns with fun rhymes, 16 games, 24 worksheets, 11 word sorts and more. Learn more about the Phonics Toolkit and get your copy today!
For even more resources, check out my reading board at Pinterest.