Science has shown that goals should be SMART:
Read more about SMART Goals: Bushwacking for Hipsters 4: Making Your Goals SMARTer at DIYPlanner.
Select a goal
Map out the work required
Act on the plan
Review and evaluate
Target the next goal
According to How to Set SMART Goals at ProductiveFlourishing:
In addition, SMARTER goals can be Evaluated or Ethical and Recorded or Rewarded.
My own slightly modified version of SMART goals goes like this:
Specific action steps
Rewards provide motivation
Target date set
The questions are:
How do you make goals specific and measurable?
How do you break goals down into action steps?
See also How To Measure Progress in Your Personal Goals from bufferapp