Diphthongs – Vowel Teams that (usually) make new sounds

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

Vowel Teams that (usually) make new sounds (diphthongs) AU/AW, OO/OO, OU/OW, OI/OY

These vowel combinations are (mostly) not short or long, but make completely different vowel sounds. (the last two pairs are formed with mouth positions that change, the definition of diphthong. The first two pairs can be considered to be vowel digraphs – two letters that combine to make one sound.)

Note that AU/AW is a diphthong that makes a Short O sound, and that OW can also make a Long O sound in some words (like know and blow).

WATCH Turtle Diary: AU/AW (3:53), OU/OW (3:51), OI/OY (4:06). Kizphonics: OI/OY (0:59), & OO (2:32). Hooked on Phonics Practice (2:04) Kids vs Phonics: OU (1:36), OW (1:54), OI (1:33), OY 1:40), OI & OY (3:13), OO (1:21), OO Long (1:44).

Diphthong Chart from boostforreaders

Diphthongs from flyingintolearning (OI/OY & OU/OW)

SORT OI/OY picture sort at classroomfreebies, OO/OO word sort from themeasuredmom, AU/AW word sort from School is a Happy Place

PLAY Online Games: other vowels at galacticphonics.com – Symbaloo

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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Vowel Teams

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

Vowel Teams (with the exception of diphthongs, which usually make new sounds) are often long, making the sound of the 1st vowel & the 2nd vowel is silent. This guideline is sometimes not reliable, however. There can be many exceptions. EA often makes the long E sound, but sometimes a short E sound (eat or bread). IE often makes the long I sound, but sometimes a long E sound (pie or thief).

WATCH When 2 Vowels Go Walking from Jack Hartmann (2:46) Kids vs Phonics: A (5:02), E (4:56), I (6:13) O (1:23) U (1:50). All Patterns (4:13), OA from Kizphonics (1:22).

Long Vowel Pattern Chart from This Reading Mama, & Long Vowel Pattern Chart from All About Learning Press (1 page, color)

SORTS Use the words & pictures from Long Vowel Match-up from Liz’s Early Learning Spot,  AI/AY picture sort & OA/OW picture sort from 1st Grade & Fabulous (B&W), AI/AY words & picturesOA/OW color pictures from the measured mom

ACTIVITY Vowel Team Clip Cards from Fairy Poppins (includes diphthongs)

PLAY Printable Change game from Adrian Bruce (OA/OW & IE/IGH), Long A Train game & Long E Get the Sheep to the Jeep game from themeasuredmom. Long O Oh no! Toad! game from Fun in 1st with Ms B.

PLAY Online Games: Diphthongs at softschools.com and the Coconut Vowels game at arcademics. BBC games (in Explorer) and Forest Phonics from ictgames.

Bookmark Set Freebie – These bookmarks include Write the Pattern activities for Long Vowel Patterns plus more.

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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Silent e

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

A letter e at the end of a word is silent and makes the vowel long. A vowel that is long says it’s name. Together or apart, Silent e works just the same. (although sometimes ie makes a long E sound (see Letters With More Than One Sound), and o_e can make a short U sound. (some, gloves)

SilentE3

 

Note that two Es often like to stick together, and an A & E are rarely (if ever!) seen together. Note that Defender D can stop silent e from making the vowel long. (like in the word badge)

a cute ape in a tree likes his home

WATCH Magic e song from KidsTV123 (2:13) Silent e from Bazillions (2:44) Magic e from Nessy (1:34)

Kids vs Phonics: A_E (2:11), EE (1:27), E_E (1:24) I_E (1:42), IE (1:47), O_E (2:17), U_E (1:56), UE (1:50)

Silent E contrast w/CVC from teacherstakeout

Sort Mat – Silent E Handout from mes-english.com

Long Vowel Words & Pictures from 123 Homeschool 4 Me

Short A/Long A, I, and O from thisreadingmama (color)

READ Long A sentences (plus all long vowels) from stickyball.net

READ BOOKS: “Nice Mice in the Rice” by Brian P Cleary “Here Comes Silent e!” by Anna Hays

PLAY online games Silent E game at starfall.com, at education.com, and from softschools.com

There are more ways that vowels can be long.

Write the pattern Bookmark Set Freebie.

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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Word Families

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

Word families are words that have the same endings, and therefore rhyme.

WATCH word families by Little Fox

Word Family Sliders from Make, Take & Teach

Word Family Bookmarks from 3dinosaurs

Word Family Picture sorts from flyingintolearning.com

Word Family Cards from margedteachingposters 22 cards, 6 pages, some color

Word Family Ladders from confessionsofahomeschooler, 22 pages, both long & short, some color

Get a clue with word family pictures from the measured mom A E I O U

Printable CVC word lists from k12reader.com

PLAY online word family sort from readwritethink.org

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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Short Vowels

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided for personal or classroom use. See the full post for more resources!

Words that have a Consonant Vowel Consonant pattern (CVC words) often have the short vowel sound.

Note that the letter A can make a short O sound sometimes. (ball, watch, quality)

short vowels say the sound

WATCH Long & Short Vowels from Scratch Garden (1:55), Kids vs Phonics Short Vowels (4:47) Short E & I Sounds from allaboutlearningpress (2:49)

Short & Long Vowel Chart from First Grade Wow

CVC Words from bogglesworldesl.com can be used to sort by vowel sound

CVC Flashcards from flashcardfox – 75 cards with color pictures & words

Short Vowel Words & Pictures from 123 Homeschool 4 Me

Short & Long Pictures & Words (pdf – source unknown)

Short I & E picture sort from tchrgrl

CVC Word Machine from homemade-preschool.com

READ short vowel sentences from stickyball.net, Beginner Books from Progressive Phonics

READ Books: “Gran on a Fan” by Kevin Bolger, “The Bug in the Jug Wants a Hug” by Brian P Cleary

PLAY Printables: 123 Flip It game from thisreadingmama, short vowel Change game from Adrian Bruce

PLAY Online Games: Jungle Jumble from pbskids.org & CVC words at funfonix.com, CVC words at ictgames.com & put it on the shelf at kidzpage.com

For even more resources, check out my reading Pinterest board.

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English is Weird

This is one section of a Phonics Kit that you can create. Many of the resources are provided by the websites below for personal or classroom use. See the full Phonics Kit post for more resources!


English is weird, oh yes, it is! There are vowels that can be spelled in lots of different ways, consonants that can have different sounds, and lots of exceptions. The rules are more like guidelines that give us a clue.

Slideshare Credits

Charts from Boostforreaders.com
Short/Long Chart: First Grade Wow
Bossy R: carlscorner.us.com
Defender D & FLOSS Rule: maketaketeach.com
Schwa: http://www.logicofenglish.com
Synonym/Antonyms: vocabularypage.com
Homograph/Homophones: heerenshappenings2.blogspot.com

Strategies for Reading

 

Be Aware of Schwa

Schwa is a light “uh” sound that can be made by any vowel. It is the most common sound in the English language.

WATCH Schwa (2:12)

Sheriff Schwa Worksheet from teachchildrenesl.com

PLAY Online Game: Treasure Behind the Mask at Sadlier-Oxford

Sight Words

Phonics guidelines can often be helpful, but there are some words that are not easily decodable.

Sight words are frequently found in written text, and many are not decodable with phonics guidelines

WATCH 100 Sight Words (12:09) Kids vs Phonics Sight Words (4:45)

Fry Sight Word lists from K12reader

Fry Sight Word lists from Utah Education Network (create printable lists with printfriendly.com)

Dolch Sight Word lists & punch cards from First Grade Parade

Dolch Sight Word lists from K5stars

Dolch Portable Word Wall from First Grade is a Hoot

1st 75 Dolch Words to print on address labels from Make, Take, Teach

Printable Sight Word flashcards from sightwords.com

Illustrated Sight Word cards from Research Parent

READ Phrases with Fry Instant Words from http://www.uen.org, Fry Fluency Sentences from Curriculum Corner, Sight Word Sentences (Dolch) from Listen Write & Read (pdf)

PLAY Printable: Roll a (sometimes silly) Sight Word Sentence from the dailyplanit, Gone Fishing editable Sight Words from thisreadingmama, Sight Word Scrabble from craftnectar. (The last two may not fit easily in the portable Phonics Kit, but look fun!)

PLAY Online Practice with audio: Sight Words Audible at mrnussbaum, Online Games at Education.com. Spelling City has online games for both Dolch & Fry sight words.

For even more resources, check out my reading board at Pinterest.

 

 

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Phonics Kit

This is a kit for tutoring reading with some great resources for learning phonics skills. Many of these are provided free for personal or classroom use by the websites in the links. Everything you need to make your own kit with lots of hands-on activities is here. When I haven’t been able to find a resource online, in some cases I have created my own. Links for these are found at the end of this post. This Phonics Kit is designed to be as portable and as inexpensive to create as possible. A magnet board and magnetic letters are a great addition for practicing words.

You may also want to check out 10 Steps to Reading, which includes links to my favorite free online resources for learning phonics. There is a downloadable pdf version.

Each post below includes videos, printable games, and online games to learn the concept as well. Many online games require Flash and may not work well on some tablets and smartphones. It can be helpful to download the Puffin browser. They are collected in one place here at Symbaloo.

Materials:

  • Plastic pronged folders with pockets. You can find these about anywhere for around .50 each.
  • Sheet protectors
  • Card stock for printing some of the activities
  • Plastic zip-lock bags from the hobby area, 2″x3″…these are great for holding the sort cards. I simply used a hole punch and added them onto the prongs of the folders.
  • Sterlite plastic file bin & hanging folders

The materials are designed to practice spotting different patterns. There are lots of sorts to do, games to play, and things to read. For the sorts, you can use containers like Athenos feta cheese or these hardware containers. Add frog eyes from tes, and use name tag holders as pockets to simply change the printable business cards for sorts  for the sort you are working on.

ScrewContainer1 screwcontainer2

For a portable kit, pockets can be made from 10.5 oz candy packages, which fold flat for transporting, but stand up for sorts. I taped a file cabinet graphic on the front of mine and attached name tag holders. It was such a sacrifice to eat all that candy, but anything for the cause of literacy!

Follow the Sequence for teaching reading from First Grade Garden

Create a folder for each of the topics below:

Phonics Basics (Find the resources for this below. They can go into a student folder as well as in front of the file box)

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

Alphabet

Short Vowels

Word Families

Long Vowels – Silent e

Vowel Teams

Vowel Teams with (mostly) new sounds – Diphthongs

Bossy R

H Brothers – Digraphs

Syllables : Open & Closed | Consonant -le

English is Weird: Schwa & Sight Words

Letters With More Than One Sound – Consonants, Tricky Y, and Vowels

PHONICS BASICS

26 letters amaze and astound! They make 44 sounds when they move around!

A Chart of the 44 sounds on one page with pictures from uldforparents.com. (pdf)

Vowel patterns with pictures on one page from thisreadingmama.

Phonics Cue Card from maketaketeach

Short and Long Vowel Chart from First Grade Wow

A simple one page alphabet from making words from Teacher Bits and Bobs

PHONICS RESOURCES FROM THE DAILY PLANIT

Free:

The Super Tutor Tools Store at Teachers Pay Teachers has many resources I’ve created for tutoring reading. Most have a small charge, but there are a few freebies there too.

For even more resources, check out:

Reading board at Pinterest

Youtube Reading playlist

Symbaloo of Free Online Games for phonics skills, plus more from Galactic Phonics. The Puffin browser can be helpful for games that use Flash.

Symbaloo of websites to practice reading online

Links at Fun Online Games to Practice Reading Skills

This Phonics Kit will equip you with the tools you need to practice reading skills.

 

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